Download e-book for iPad: Atomic Physics at Accelerators: Mass Spectrometry: by David Lunney,Georges Audi,Heinz-Jürgen Kluge

By David Lunney,Georges Audi,Heinz-Jürgen Kluge

the quest for examples of proton radioactivity has ended in the invention of a giant variety of proton emitters within the zone 50 < Z < eighty four [1]. lots of those proton emitters and their daughters also are a-emitters, and every so often the a-decay chain from the daughter terminates on a nuclide in the direction of balance whose mass extra is understood. This opens up the potential for utilizing a-and proton-decay Q-values to figure out the mass excesses of a big workforce of nuclei attached via particle decay. The Q-values are derived from the measured kinetic energies of the emitted protons or a-particles. the place the decay chains should not hooked up to nuclei with recognized mass excesses, proton separation energies could be measured on occasion and derived in others. For the a-decay ofthe mother or father nucleus (Z, A) to the daughter (Z - 2, A - 4), the strength and momentum kinfolk used to transform among Q-value, mass (M) and mass extra (ME) are: M(4He)E", (1) M(Z - 2, A - 4)Erecoil, (2) Q", E", + Erecoi, ME(Z, A) Q", + ME(Z - 2, A - four) + ME(4He). (3) In perform, one makes use of M(4He) ~ four and M(Z - 2, A - four) (A - 4), in order that Equation (3) turns into ME(Z, A) = E", (_A_) + ME(Z - 2, A - four) + ME(4He). (4) A -4 equally, for protons, we now have ME(Z, A) = Ep(_A_) +ME(Z - 1, A-I) +ME(lH).

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Atomic Physics at Accelerators: Mass Spectrometry: Proceedings of the APAC 2000, held in Cargèse, France, 19–23 September 2000 by David Lunney,Georges Audi,Heinz-Jürgen Kluge


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